The term ‘Presbyterian’ refers to the form of Church government adopted not just by the Free Church of Scotland but by far the largest grouping of churches in Scotland today. We deny the Church is a hierarchy, with junior and senior ministers and office-bearers. In this way we distinguish ourselves from both the Roman Catholic Church and the Scottish Episcopalian Church, which belongs to the Anglican Communion. What distinguishes Presbyterian office-bearers is not rank but function. The minister serves by explaining and applying to the people the Word of God, the Bible and by administering the two Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper. Pastoral responsibility and the function of governance falls equally on the minister and the elders, who are elected by the congregation. Deacons serve the congregation as stewards of its material assets. Local congregations are not independent. Churches in relatively close geographical proximity come together as Presbyteries. Presbyteries group as regional Synods. And all Presbyteries send ministers and elders to the annual General Assembly to debate and determine matters of ministry, mission, policy and, where necessary, discipline. An honorary moderator, appointed annually, serves the General Assembly as its chairman. The moderator may also serve as the public representative of the Church during his year of office.